Coins

Although the big bear market of 2018 has slowed down the ICO boom, there is still (as of May 2019) an incredible number of more than 2,000 different crypto currencies. Since not every project is a serious competitor for Bitcoin or Ethereum, we present the most important and interesting crypto currency projects in a detailed post. In the following table you will find an overview of all featured crypto currencies. You can use the search function to find the crypto currency you are interested in. If a crypto currency is missing, please write it in the comments.
Coin Name
What is Komodo (KMD) - A Guide to the Komodo Blockchain
What is Ravencoin (RVN)? A Guide to the Blockchain and the RVN Token
What is Zcash (ZEC) - A guide to the anonymous cryptocurrency
What is the Cosmos network and what are the benefits of the ATOM Token? Complete guide
What is Chainlink? A Guide to the LINK Token and the Technology of Chainlink
What is the cryptocurrency NEO? A Beginner's guide to NEO blockchain
What is the Paxos Standard Token (PAX) - A better alternative for Tether?
What is Qtum? The blockchain for business applications
What is the Basic Attention Token (BAT)? Beginners guide & Brave Browser
What is Gemini Dolllar (GUSD)? - The Winklevoss alternative to Tether
What's Pundi X? Beginners Guide to the NXPS Token, XPOS, XPass and XPhone
What is Zilliqa - Can it beat Ethereum?
What is Verge (XVG) - A Privacy Coin with potential?
What is VeChain (VET)? - Blockchain-as-a-Service
What is Tezos - A serious challenger for Ethereum?
What is Tether (USDT)? Beginner guide and chronicle of the controversy
What is Ripple and what is XRP? Origin and beginner guide
What is Stellar Lumens (XLM): The New Financial System for the world
What is the Holochain (Holo)? A beginner's guide
What is STEEM - A coin for the blogging and social networking website
What is Siacoin (Sia)? - A Blockchain-based Cloud Storage Platform
What is OmiseGo? - Unbank the Banked.
What is NEM: Distributed Ledger Blockchain Technology
What is Nano? Beginner-Guide, Advantages & BitGrail Hack
What is Litecoin (LTC)? - Beginners guide & comparison with Bitcoin
What is Lisk (LSK) - The German alternative to Ethereum?
What is IOTA? The Next Generation of Distributed Ledger Technology
What is Ethereum Classic (ETC)? DAO-Hack, Comparison with ETH & Roadmap
What is Dogecoin (DOGE)? - The fun crypto currency
What is Digibyte - Veteran & crypto currency for everyday life?
What's Decred? - A Beginner Guide to the DCR Token
Dash - an anonymous cryptocurrency with special features
What is Cardano (ADA) - The best 3rd generation blockchain?
What is Bytecoin - Beginner Guide & Criticism towards BCN
What is BitShares - just another project by Dan Larimer?
What is Bitcoin Cash (BCH)? Origin & Blocksize war
What is Bitcoin Gold (BTG)? - Fraud or legitimate Bitcoin alternative
What is Bitcoin Diamond (BCD) - Fraud or legitimate?
What is Binance Coin (BNB) & the importance for the Binance DEX
What is Aeternity - Another challenger of Ethereum
What is 0x (ZRX)? - A protocol for decentralized exchanges on the Ethereum blockchain
What is Tron (TRX)? - Beginner Guide & Roadmap
What is Monero (XMR) - Beginner Guide + The Best Privacy Coin?
What is EOS - The biggest competitor for Ethereum?
What is Ethereum - history and beginner's guide
What is Bitcoin (BTC)? - History and Beginner Guide

The origin of the Altcoins

After the Cypherpunk movement had already discussed digital cash in the 1990s, Satoshi Nakamoto presented the first completely decentralized digital cash in the Cryptography mailing list on November 1, 2008: Bitcoin. In the first mail, Nakamoto wrote: "A pure peer-to-peer version of an electronic payment method would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution."

This sentence describes the basic idea of Bitcoin very succinctly. Bitcoin is a completely decentralised payment system that does not require a third party or intermediary. The technical basis for this is the blockchain technology that Satoshi Nakamoto invented with Bitcoin. For Bitcoin, the blockchain represents the entire history of all transactions." Transactions are remittances, inputs and outputs of coins that are considered confirmed when a miner, i.e. a node in the Bitcoin P2P network, has inserted them into a block.

This very simply described basic principle of a blockchain is regarded as a paradigm for thousands of alternative crypto currencies, the so-called Altcoins, which have been created since about 2011. Initially, only simple clones of Bitcoin, which only made slight modifications to the source code of Bitcoin, were released. In the following years, however, completely newly developed and innovative crypto currencies such as Ethereum, XRP, Monero and Dash emerged.